Types of Dermatitis

What is Dermatitis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Dermatitis

Dermatitis is the name for general diseases that describe inflammation and blistering of the skin. Dermatitis can have many causes and can occur in many forms. It usually presents as an itchy rash on swollen, red skin. We have compiled all the details about dermatitis in our news for you… What is Dermatitis? Skin inflammation causes, symptoms and treatment…

Skin inflammation can be uncomfortable for some. The itching sensation on your skin can range from mild to severe. Some types of dermatitis may be long-lasting, while others may increase with the season, exposure, or stress.
Some dermatitis is more common in children and infants, while other dermatitis is more common in adults. So, what is skin inflammation (dermatitis)? Here is what you need to know about the causes, symptoms and treatment of skin inflammation.

What is Skin Inflammation (Dermatitis)?

Dermatitis can have many causes and can occur in many forms. It usually presents as an itchy rash on swollen, red skin.

Skin affected by dermatitis may have blistering, oozing, crusting and scaling. Examples of dermatitis include atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff, and rashes caused by contact with any of a number of items such as poison ivy, soap, and jewelry containing nickel.

Dermatitis is a common non-contagious condition, but it can make you feel uncomfortable. Self-care and certain combinations of medications can help you treat skin inflammation.

Symptoms of Skin Inflammation

Each type of dermatitis may look different from the other and can occur on different parts of your body. The most common types of dermatitis are:

Atopic Dermatitis (eczema)

In infancy, it is most commonly seen on the face (often on the cheeks), scalp, knees and elbows, and behind the ears. The gland area is usually unaffected. In children older than two years, it mostly affects the front of the elbow, back of the knee, neck, hand and ankle areas.

Thickening of the skin, coarsening and prominence of skin lines are observed in the affected areas. During adolescence, itching and thickening of the skin are at the forefront. The lesions are mostly on the wrists and ankles, on the inner surfaces of the arms and legs, around the eyes, on the face, neck and upper body. During this period, eczema can only be seen on the hands and arms. It often causes streaking, blistering, and darkening of the skin.

Contact Dermatitis

This rash occurs on areas that come into contact with substances that irritate the skin or cause allergic reactions, such as poison ivy, soap, and essential oils. These reactions can cause further burning, stinging, itching or blistering.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

This causes scaly patches, skin redness, and stubborn dandruff. It mostly affects the oily areas of the body such as the face, back and chest. Periods of remission and exacerbation can be long.

Perioral Dermatitis

Perioral dermatitis is a condition that is a facial rash. It causes sufferers to have reddened skin that occurs right around the mouth, but not usually above the lips. Besides being red this type of rash can also be scaly or bumpy in its appearance as well as its texture. While it’s prominent position to be found is around the mouth that is not the only place on the face that it can occur. Perioral dermatitis can also be found on the nose and even the eyes.

As for risk factors perioral dermatitis is much more common in women than in men or children although there have been cases in both, but those are actually quite rare. This type of medical condition can happen over a series of months or years and the symptoms can come and go as well. It does cause itching and burning although these two symptoms are not life threatening nor extremely debilitating. As for why this type of skin rash occurs there are several possibilities ranging from using steroid sprays to overusing moisturizers just it name a couple.

Luckily perioral dermatitis can be diagnosed, but should be done so with the use of a qualified doctor called a dermatologist. After a proper diagnosis is made treatment options can be started. That does mean finding out what exactly the cause of your skin rash is and stopping the use of those irritants. Stopping these is really the only way to rid the face of the rash and a patient has to be very strong during this time for that to work. Soap can still be used, as the face does need to be washed. Oral antibiotics can also be used, as a treatment method should this be a chosen treatment method by you and your doctor.

Causes of Skin Inflammation

Certain health conditions, allergies, genetic factors and irritants can cause different types of dermatitis:

Atopic dermatitis (eczema): This form of dermatitis is likely associated with a mix of factors such as dry skin, a gene variation, an immune system dysfunction, bacteria on the skin, and environmental conditions.

Contact dermatitis: This condition results from direct contact with many irritants or allergens, such as poison ivy, jewelry containing nickel, cleaning products, perfumes, cosmetics, and even preservatives in many creams and lotions.

Seborrheic dermatitis: This condition can be caused by yeast (fungus) found in oil secretion in the skin. People with seborrheic dermatitis may find that their condition tends to come and go depending on the season.

Skin Inflammation Treatment

Dermatitis treatments depend on the type, severity of symptoms, and cause. Your skin may clear on its own after one to three weeks.

If no improvement is seen, your doctor or dermatologist may recommend:

  1. Medicines to reduce allergies and itching, such as the antihistamine diphenhydramine
  2. Phototherapy or controlled exposure of other affected areas to light
  3. Topical creams with a steroid such as hydrocortisone to relieve itching and inflammation
  4. Creams or lotions for dry skin
  5. Oatmeal baths to relieve itching

Antibiotics or antifungal medications are usually given only when an infection has developed. Infections on the skin may occur due to intense scratching.

Home care for dermatitis can be applied as follows: It may include applying cool, wet cloths to the skin to reduce itching and discomfort. You can try adding baking soda to a warm bath to help reduce symptoms. If your skin does crack, you can cover the wound with a dressing or bandage to prevent irritation or infection.

Leave a Comment